In DSE writing, sometimes we need to give out examples to support our argument. Good writers explain their ideas well. One way they explain their ideas is to include examples which make the writer’s thoughts much more concrete, practical, and comprehensible to the reader. However, do you know the difference between “for example” and “such as”? Here comes a detailed explanation of how to give out examples in your English writing.
1. For example
Usually used for a single example, you can replace with for instance. It can be placed at the beginning, middle or end of a sentence.
For example, maybe you have been filming something.
The report is incomplete; it does not include sales in France, for example.
2. Such as/like
They are usually used for more than one example, in which “like” is an informal word.
Note that such as cannot be followed by a complete sentence. If there is more than one example, put a comma before it.
They have pledged to end racial discrimination in areas such as employment.
Many animals, like cats, sheep or cows, live on the farm.
It should be placed before the example with a comma.
We need helpers of all types, e.g., geologists and teachers.
Similar to e.g., i.e. is used to clarify or provide more detailed information. It means “that is to say”.
His stomachache made him feel wretched (i.e. ill) all day.
5. etc./so on
It indicates that there are many examples haven’t mentioned, which should be put at the end of the sentence.
Extreme skaters perform jumps, spins, flips, etc.