「投資涉及風險,證券價格可升可跌…」呢啲免責聲明我哋就聽得多啦,其實無論係開會報告業績定係考英文寫作,我哋都好需要描述唔同嘅趨勢。
呢類趨勢描述寫作更加可以話係考 IELTS 寫作必考嘅題目之一!以下落嚟就會講下趨勢有咩唔同嘅寫法!

1. 下降

1.1 Drop (to) 下降至
e.g. In the second part of the year, the sales for ABC restaurant dropped to $900,000 which is substantially less compared to the previous year.
於下半年間,ABC餐廳的營業額下跌至$900,000,較上年的營業額大幅減少。

1.2 Go down (to) 下降至
e.g. The stock price goes down to less than one-third of the total market share.
股價跌至不足市場佔有率的三分之一。

1.3 A slump 突然 / 大幅下降
e.g. This is immediately followed by a significant slump where the value decreases by more than half.
數字緊接大幅下降,其價值更跌至超過先前的一半。

2. 上升

2.1 Rise (to) 上升至
e.g. For March, the number of jeans sold is expected to rise to 300,000.
三月份的牛仔褲銷售量預計會上升至30萬。

2.2 Climb (to) 攀升
e.g. The population of City A climbed to 9.2 million.
城市A的人口攀升至9.2萬。

2.3 (Reach) a peak (at) 達至高峰
e.g. The number of travelers in the Grand Central Station will reach a peak at 6pm.
中央車站的旅客數量將於晚上6時達至高峰。

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3. 波動

3.1 Fluctuate from (time) to (time) 有所波動
e.g. Hong Kong’s import volume fluctuates from year to year.
香港的進口量每年都有所波動。

3.2 Ups and downs 跌宕起伏
e.g. The stock market experienced frequent ups and downs last year.
去年的股市經歷了頻繁的跌宕起伏。
P.S. 如果想描述得生動啲,可以將市場波動嘅情況比喻為搭過山車,例如話 “It puts the market on a rollercoaster ride”。

4. 不變

4.1 Remain stable 保持穩定
Prices remain stable.
價格保持穩定。

4.2 Even out 穩定下來
Property prices will eventually even out.
房地產價格最終會穩定下來。

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