We usually say ‘I got hurt’ when we have injuries. However, others may not know how we hurt ourselves or how we form the wounds.
Therefore, let’s learn the English vocabulary of different injuries. In case we get hurt next time, we can describe them to others!
To cut or damage your skin slightly with or on something sharp or rough
His left knee got scratched when he was coming out from the bush.
To rub against a surface so that slight damage or an unpleasant noise is produced
Jackie fell over and scraped her knee on the pavement.
To cause an injury to a joint by a sudden movement
She sprained her ankle play squash.
A break or crack in something hard, especially a bone
He suffered multiple fractures in a motorcycle accident.
5. Dislocation 脫臼
An injury in which the ends of two connected bones separate
The accidental dislocation bothered the elderly woman.
A part of your body that has become bigger because of illness or injury
Put your foot into cold water to help the swelling go down.
A painful swelling on the skin that contains liquid, caused usually by continuous rubbing especially on your foot or by burning
New shoes always give me blisters.
8. Bruise 瘀傷
An injury or mark where the skin has not been broken but is darker in colour, often as a result of being hit by something
His arm and back were covered in bruises.
Remember the above words. It might save your life!